Deiwos: Religion at One with Science

Calendar


Solar Eclipse behind Haze

Please choose a year to view the Gaian calendar for that year:





A New Calendar for a New Age

The Gaian calendar is a calendrical system adopted by the Order of the Knights of Gaia. It is lunisolar, coordinated with the cycles of both the synodic month and the tropical year. The year 0, E.G. (Epoch of Gaia, Εποχή της Γαίας), began on 8 January, 1970, C.E. (Common Era) — the date of the calendar’s epoch. The first Earth Day was celebrated that same year, on 14 Yueqiu, 0, E.G., (21 March, 1970, C.E.) Any years preceding the year 0, E.G., are designated with a negative number, such as -1, E.G. The meridian that effectively bisects the central caldera (the Reusch Crater) of Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, reckoned conventionally as being at 3° 3’ 52” S, 37° 21’ 30” E, is the prime meridian for timekeeping. (That is 37.358333° longitude east of Greenwich, England.) Gaian Time (Kilimanjaro), then, is precisely 8,966 seconds (or about 2.49 hours) later by the clock than modern Universal Time (Greenwich). The antimeridian, on the opposite side of the Earth from the prime meridian, runs through what is conventionally 142° 38’ 30” W. (That is 142.641667° longitude west of Greenwich, England.)

Gaian Prime Meridian on Polar Azimuthal Equidistant Projection

The green, vertical line shown on the map represents the prime meridian for the Gaian calendar, through the Reusch Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, 37° 21’ 30” longitude east of Greenwich, and its antimeridian, 142° 38’ 30” longitude west of Greenwich. The red, diagonal line represents the prime meridian for the Gregorian calendar, through the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England, 37° 21’ 30” longitude west of Kilimanjaro, and its antimeridian, 142° 38’ 30” longitude east of Kilimanjaro.

The Gaian calendar utilizes the nineteen-year Metonic cycle. The year 0 ends one particular nineteen-year cycle, and the year 1 begins the next. Each year contains (at least) twelve synodic months, those with twenty-nine days generally alternating with those with thirty days. An intercalary month of thirty days is added as a thirteenth month within seven of the nineteen years. This so-called ‘leap month’ occurs at the end of the second, fifth, seventh, tenth, thirteenth, fifteenth, and eighteenth years of each nineteen-year cycle. One ‘leap day’ is added as the final day of the final month of the year in the third, eighth, twelfth, and seventeenth years of each nineteen-year cycle. The basic pattern of days in the month in any given year is: 29, 30, 29, 30, 29, 30, 30, 29, 30, 29, 30, 29/30, (30). Every fifty-seven years (that is, three successive nineteen-year cycles), one day is subtracted from the final month of the most recent year that would otherwise have contained a leap day. (That includes, among others, the year -59, (the year -2), the year 55, the year 112, and the year 169.) Every 798 years (that is, forty-two successive nineteen-year cycles, or fourteen successive fifty-seven-year periods), one day is restored to the final month of the most recent year wherein a leap day would otherwise have been dropped. (That includes, among others, the year -800, (the year -2), the year 796, and the year 1594.) Every 6,441 years (that is, 339 successive nineteen-year cycles), one leap month of thirty days is subtracted from the most recent year that would otherwise have contained a leap month. (That includes the year -6,442, the year -1, and the year 6,440.)

Moon with Fractal Crescents
Sun with Fractal Rays

The thirteen months, using names for the Moon from various cultures around the world, are called, in chronological order: ‘Mahina’ (Hawai’ian, 29 days), ‘Tsuku’ (Japanese, 30 days), ‘Yueqiu’ (Mandarin, 29 days), ‘Bulan’ (Indonesian, 30 days), ‘Chandra’ (Sanskrit, 29 days), ‘Qamar’ (Arabic, 30 days), ‘Khonsu’ (Egyptian, 30 days), ‘Inyanga’ (Zulu, 29 days), ‘Gelach’ (Gaelic, 30 days), ‘Tungl’ (Icelandic, 29 days), ‘Quilla’ (Quechua, 30 days), ‘Metztli’ (Nahuatl, 29 or 30 days), and ‘Hanwi’ (Lakota, intercalary, 30 days). Each month contains four lunar weeks of either seven or eight days, corresponding to the quarterly phases of the Moon. The names of the days of the week, inspired by Proto-Indo-European words, are: ‘Mensós’ [mɛnˈsos 🔊], ‘Taronós’ [tɑrɔˈnos 🔊], ‘Lughous’ [ˈlughɔʊs 🔊], ‘Diwós’ [dɪˈwos 🔊], ‘Ausosés’ [ɑʊsɔˈses 🔊], ‘Satorni’ [sɑˈtornɪ 🔊], and ‘Sawlós’ [sɑwˈlos 🔊]. Between the second and third week of every month, an extra (eighth) day of the week, called ‘Plenós’ [plɛˈnos 🔊], is inserted in observance of the full Moon. At the end of any month containing thirty days, the thirtieth day is called ‘Newos’ [ˈnewɔs 🔊], in observance of the new Moon. This scheme ensures that every month (and roughly every lunar quarter) begins on a Mensós, the first day of the week.




Please Help Spread the Word
Online Communities
This Website is Administered by the Priests of Deiwos